The Kaldas Center Blog Women's Health News

Here’s How to Test for and Increase Male Fertility

/ Posted in: Fertility /

When a couple is struggling to conceive, it can be an extremely frustrating time.

The woman may feel she is at fault while the man may feel the same about himself. What surprises many couples is that fertility issues occur equally among women and men. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one third of infertility cases are due to women’s health issues and one third due to men’s health issues. The remaining third is due to a combination of the two.

Many specialists find that male partners are more hesitant to get the testing done. It may be fear or even embarrassment holding them up; however, it’s important that the male partner is fully engaged in the process to help eliminate issues.

Remember: It is important not to blame one another for fertility issues. Blame puts stress on a relationship, which can further affect fertility. It is important for couples to work as a team through infertility struggles.

While testing can bring many men to question their masculinity, male infertility does not define one’s masculinity. In addition, the sooner fertility tests are performed, the sooner the couple and doctor may come to a solution. Read on to understand how to test for and increase male fertility.

Initial Tests for Male Fertility

The very first step in treating male infertility is determining the cause. To do so, doctors have a variety of tests at their disposal. These tests include:

  • Physical Exam
  • Review of Medical History
  • Semen Analysis
    • Morphology: Sperm shape
    • Motility: Sperm movement
  • Genetic Testing
  • Ultrasound
  • Hormone Testing
  • Biopsy

For many, a semen analysis, which is the quickest and least invasive of all the above testing, can help determine next steps. Based on the results, a visit with a urologist may be recommended.

Common Male Infertility Issues

There are a number of common causes that affect male infertility. Common health conditions include:

  • Varicoceles
    • Occurs when the veins in the testes are swollen, ultimately affecting the quality of the sperm.
    • This is the most common cause of male infertility —38% of men experiencing the condition.
  • Retrograde ejaculation
    • Occurs when ejaculation at the moment of orgasm goes into the bladder rather than out of the penis.
  • Immunologic infertility
    • Occurs when the immune system attacks sperm, impairing its motility.
  • Blockage
    • Occurs when something is blocking the sperm and it is unable to ejaculate from the penis. This may be due to infection, swelling or developmental defects.
  • Hormones
    • Occurs when low levels of hormones prevent proper growth of sperm.
  • Genetics
    • Occurs when there is an absence of the vas deferens, the duct that moves sperm from the testicles to the urethra. This is a genetic abnormality.
  • Cancer treatment
    • Occurs when radiation or chemotherapy impairs the body’s ability to make sperm.
  • Environmental factors
    • Occurs when environmental factors impact sperm production including drug use, alcohol use, tobacco use, stress, depression and weight.

Increasing Male Infertility

While causes of male infertility may seem overwhelming, remember there are treatment options. After finding the cause, a doctor may recommend several of the of treatment options below.

Natural Treatments Include:

  • Avoid high temperatures like whirlpools and hot baths.
  • Stop tobacco, substance and alcohol use.
  • Avoid medications that reduce sperm count.
  • Incorporate a healthy diet and exercise plan.
  • Reduce stress and get adequate sleep.

Treatments May Include:

  • Surgery
    • This may be to repair varicoceles, remove an obstruction or retrieve sperm when it is not present in ejaculation.
  • Medicine
    • Medication may be prescribed to increase low levels of hormones. Antibiotics may be prescribed if infertility is due to reoccurring infections.
  • Assisted Reproductive Techniques
    • Involves extracting sperm through ejaculation or with a needle. The sperm is then introduced to the egg in a number of potential ways including:
      • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): The sperm is placed inside the woman’s uterus.
      • In-vitro Fertilization (IVF): Sperm is mixed with many of the woman’s eggs and fertilized eggs are implanted into the woman’s uterus.
      • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): Directly fertilizing a woman’s egg with the sperm and implanted into the uterus.

Get Tested Sooner Rather Than Later

The Kaldas Center is here to help couples experiencing the emotional and physical stress that comes with infertility. If you and your loved one are struggling to get pregnant, it’s time to bring in the fertility specialists at the Kaldas Center. Learn how our patient-focused approach and advanced technology has helped many couples across the country achieve fertility. Start your fertility journey by calling us at (920) 886-2299 or visiting



With battling infertility for years, Dr. Kaldas made our dream come true! We had tried to get pregnant naturally for about 2 years. We then decided to seek medical help. After multiple unsuccessful medicated cycles and multiple failed intrauterine inseminations (IUI) and multiple doctors we were finally referred to Dr. Rami Kaldas. After meeting Dr. Kaldas for the first time, we had regained our hope in achieving our dream of having a baby. We were distraught and lost after dealing with infertility for the past 3 years, but Dr. Kaldas gave us that newfound hope. He gave us reassurance and helped reduce our stress and anxiety. After only 2 months of being treated by Dr. Kaldas, we were pregnant! He is a true professional in his field! We are very thankful to have met Dr. Kaldas. During our pregnancy he was still by our sides ensuring the successful delivery of our little one. He is very dedicated, knowledgeable and committed to each of his patients. The night I went into labor he had worked an entire day, stayed the entire night and worked the following day as he had multiple other deliveries and appointments to keep. He is very driven and dedicated to his patients and it shows. No amount of thanks will ever be enough. I highly recommend Dr. Kaldas to anyone dealing with infertility or pregnancy!

Sarah / Menasha, WI